Moisturisers soften and add moisture to your skin. Moisturisers not only help prevent and reduce dry skin, but can protect sensitive skin, improve the appearance of lines and wrinkles, and mask imperfections.
To understand how moisturisers work, it first helps to know a little more about the skin. So here goes…


Your skin’s outer layer is called the stratum corneum, and this contains cells embedded within a lipid matrix. Lipids are natural fats that surround skin cells to protect against water loss from the inside, and bacteria and allergens from the outside. You can get dry, sensitive skin if the natural moisture barrier of the stratum corneum becomes disrupted, as this can lead to a loss of moisture and irritants can penetrate your skin, causing dryness and sensitivity.


There are two main types of ingredients that are included in most moisturisers:

  • “Occlusives” provide a layer of oil on the surface of the skin to stop your skin from losing water.
  • "Humectants” increase how much water the outermost layer of your skin (the stratum corneum) can hold to keep your skin hydrated.

Body moisturisers come in a few different forms — ointments, creams, lotions, and oils. These usually have added preservatives to improve their shelf life.


Physiogel moisturising creams and lotions contain Physiogel BioMimic Technology, a science that works to soothe, help repair and restore the skin’s natural moisture barrier.

Physiogel BioMimic Technology contains lipids similar to those found naturally in your skin. The ingredients in Physiogel BioMimic Technology mimic the skin’s natural structure to repair the moisture barrier, restoring the hydration your skin needs to stay strong and visibly healthy.

The lipids found in Physiogel BioMimic Technology protect skin cells, sealing in moisture. The skin cells, surrounded by the lipids form a protective barrier, not only against water loss from the inside, but also from the entry of allergens from the outside. In this way, moisturising creams and lotions containing Physiogel BioMimic Technology work naturally with your skin and are clinically proven to strengthen and repair the skin’s moisture barrier, to keep essential moisture in and damaging irritants out.

Physiogel moisturising creams and lotions contain pure and gentle ingredients. They’re free from fragrances and colourants, making them suitable for even very dry and sensitive skin.

If you have dry and sensitive skin, take a look at the Physiogel range and explore the website to find out more information on how to keep your skin visibly healthy and hydrated.


The best moisturiser for you will depend on your skin type, your age and whether you have a skin condition. To learn more about different skin conditions, see our articles on Red skin, Dry skin, and Itchy skin.

It is important to find the right product for you. Here are some things to consider.

  • If you have dry, sensitive skin, some products can be too harsh. Use only gentle, fragrance-free moisturisers.
  • Try out a few creams and lotions until you find the right one for your skin.
  • If you experience sensitive skin due to a skin condition, such as eczema or rosacea, you might get an irritant reaction to some moisturisers whereby you feel a burning and stinging sensation. This may go with time but if it doesn’t, try an alternative product.
  • You might find it best to use an ointment or cream rather than a lotion if you have sensitive skin. Ointments and creams are generally less irritating than lotions but it depends on the product. Physiogel has a variety of balms, creams and serum to suit both the face and body.
  • The drier your skin, the more often you should apply a moisturiser.